Glaucoma is a disease whereby the eye becomes compromised and the optic nerves become damaged. As the disease causes a vision loss over an extended period of time, sometimes with no easily identifiable symptoms, it is often referred to, in a colloquial sense, as the sneak thief of sight. However glaucoma is a leading cause of vision loss and even blindness worldwide, and while advances in medical treatment for vision ailments are forever progressing, no such elucidation is available to restore previous vision quality once the disease has damaged the optic area. However, if the presence of glaucoma in the eye is dedicated at the early stages of development, it is possible to impede the progression with medication, and if necessary surgical procedures.
The disease is traditionally divided into two groups open and closed-angle glaucoma. The most common type is open-angle glaucoma, is characterized by a fluid buildup that causes intraocular pressure, leading to damage to the optic nerve and impaired vision. The fluid buildup is a result of the disease reducing the effectiveness of the eye’s filtration area, known as the trabecular network, therefore the liquid that usually forms in the front section of the eye cannot drain to the normal canals. For open-angle glaucoma reduced vision is usually the first symptom experienced. As this type of glaucoma, reduced vision is generally the first symptom experienced. As this type of glaucoma progresses slowly, with no apparent warning signs, many individuals who contract it may experience severe vision loss before being diagnosed. This is why it is so important to have regular eye exams with qualified professionals.
In comparison, closed-angle glaucoma often appears abruptly the effects are uncomfortable, sometimes agonizing. However as their type of glaucoma is characterized by painful symptoms, as a result of a rapid accumulation of liquid creating intraocular pressure, it serves as an early warning sign for many who seek the services of an experienced optometrist, often before permanent damage occurs. If you are suffering from blurred vision, severe eye pain, headaches, the appearance of the rainbow around lights, nausea, and vomiting, these are classic signs of closed-angle glaucoma, and an appointment with an eye specialist should be made immediately made at the So that earlier detection of the problem can be made and also there can be early treatment options before it becomes too late. The doctors at the center are very well learned and have enough knowledge about glaucoma so they can help you with the problem at the earliest.
Optometrists diagnose glaucoma by investigating the intraocular pressure with the eye, visual field tests, and optic nerve head appearance. According to medical journals, the key to diagnosis glaucoma is to carefully examine the optic nerve, even if the eye pressure is normal. Computer-assisted field test can highlight the extent of peripheral visual field loss, while at the same time, show it the treatment is slowing the process. The usual medical response to treating glaucoma is through the use of eye drop. Sometimes, however laser surgery is required to reduce the intraocular pressure. Early detection will greatly influence the type of treatment that will be required.